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In accordance with data use agreements between CMHC and Statistics Canada, all documents and communications, including Internet sites, that reference these data must acknowledge the source by means of the following citation:
"Source: CMHC (census-based housing indicators and data)"
CMHC provides funding for housing content on the Census of Canada and on Statistics Canada surveys. Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada. Users are forbidden to copy and redisseminate data for commercial purposes, either in an original or modified form, without the express permission of Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and, where applicable, Statistics Canada. More information on Statistics Canada data can be obtained from its Regional Offices, at www.statcan.ca, or at 1-800-263-1136.
Census data obtained by CMHC are subject to Statistics Canada's suppression rules. These rules are required by law to ensure confidentiality. For more information regarding the suppression of census data used in HiCO, please consult Statistics Canada's 2006 Census Dictionary.
Statistics Canada has applied similar suppression rules to data obtained from the National Household Survey (NHS). For more information regarding the suppression of NHS data used in HiCO, please consult Statistics Canada's Data Quality and Confidentiality Standards and Guidelines (Public).
Data may not sum to totals due to suppression and random rounding applied by Statistics Canada. Where there are a large number of households, rounding has little effect on accuracy and data suppression is rare. However, small cell counts (i.e.: counts falling below 100 households) and percentages based on those counts (like the incidence of need) may suffer considerable distortion as a result of random rounding and suppression.
Likewise, some data on average household income, average shelter costs and average STIRs are suppressed by Statistics Canada to ensure confidentiality.
Statistics Canada has cautioned that because of the methodological change from a mandatory to voluntary survey, data from the 2011 NHS may not be strictly comparable to those from earlier censuses.
The National Household Survey is not a Census. The long form of the 2006 Census consisted of a single sampling of 20% of households in Canada, with completion being mandatory. By comparison, the NHS consisted of a primary sample of 1 in 3 households and a smaller secondary sample of target household types. For all households sampled by the NHS, completion was voluntary.
Housing in Canada Online is powered by Beyond 20/20 Web Data Server (WDS). For more information please visit the Beyond 20/20 website at http://www.beyond2020.com.
Under Part IX of the National Housing Act, the Government of Canada provides funds to CMHC to conduct research into the social, economic and technical aspects of housing and related fields, and to undertake the publishing and distribution of the results of this research.
Although this information product reflects housing experts' current knowledge, it is provided for general information purposes only. Any reliance or action taken based on the information, materials and techniques described are the responsibility of the user. Readers are advised to consult appropriate professional resources to determine what is safe and suitable in their particular case. CMHC assumes no responsibility for any consequence arising from use of the information, materials and techniques described.