Housing in Canada Online

Definitions of Variables

Table of Contents

Aboriginal Household Status
Age
Non-senior-led households
Senior-led households
Average Household Income
Average Shelter Cost
Average Shelter-Cost-to-Income Ratio (STIR)
Core Housing Need Status
Count
Geography
Census Agglomerations
Census Divisions
Census Metropolitan Areas
Complete geographic listing of communities available in HiCO
Canada
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia
New Brunswick
Quebec
Ontario
Manitoba
Saskatchewan
Alberta
British Columbia
Yukon Territory
Northwest Territories
Nunavut
Global Non-response Rates
Household Type
Family household
Multiple-family household
Non-family household
Housing Standards
Acceptable housing
Housing below standards
Adequate housing
Affordable housing
Suitable housing
Tenure
Owned
Rented
Year

Definitions

Aboriginal Household Status

Français

Aboriginal household status refers to whether or not a household is classified as being an Aboriginal household. An Aboriginal household is defined by CMHC as one of the following:

  • a non-family household in which at least 50% of household members self-identified as Aboriginal; or
  • a family household that meets at least one of two criteria:
    - at least one spouse, common-law partner, or lone parent self-identified as an Aboriginal;
    or
    - at least 50% of household members self-identified as Aboriginal.

A person self-identifies as being Aboriginal on the census questionnaire. Aboriginal identities include North American Indians (both status and non-status), Métis and Inuit.

NOTE 1: HiCO data, for 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 define Aboriginal households using the Aboriginal identity of household members. By contrast, in 1991, Aboriginal households could only be defined using the ethnic origins of household members. Since ethnic origins and Aboriginal identity are very different concepts that produce very different estimates for households, HiCO provides only 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 data, in order to ensure the comparability of household estimates. For more information on Aboriginal identity and ethnic origins, please consult Statistics Canada's National Household Survey Dictionary.

NOTE 2: Caution should be exercised in analyzing trends for Aboriginal households. Over time, patterns in Aboriginal self-identification for the Census have changed, and in recent years, a growing number of people who had not previously identified with an Aboriginal group are now doing so. Demographic factors are thought to have accounted for about half of overall Aboriginal population, while non-demographic factors, such as increased awareness of Aboriginal roots as well as changes in net undercoverage in the census over time, accounted for the other half.

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Age

Français

Refers to age ranges for the primary household maintainer. The primary household maintainer refers to the person in the household most responsible for paying the rent or mortgage, the taxes, the electricity, etc., for the dwelling. If no person in the household is responsible for such payments, the household member indicated on the questionnaire as "Person 1" is considered to be the only household maintainer. In order for a person identified as being responsible for the household payments to be considered as the household maintainer, that person must be 15 years of age or older and be related to Person 1 in terms other than as a lodger or an employee (or as a member of a lodger's or an employee's census family).

Non-senior-led households

The primary household maintainer is less than 65 years of age.

Senior-led households

The primary household maintainer is aged 65 or over.

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Average Household Income

Français

Average household income refers to the total annual before-tax household income from all sources for all members of the household 15 years of age or over. Income sources include, but are not limited to, employment income, investment income, and transfer payments from the government.

NOTE: Average households incomes are in current dollar values.

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Average Shelter Cost

Français

Average shelter cost refers to the total monthly shelter cost paid by the household for their dwelling. Shelter costs include the following:

  • For renters: rent and any payments for electricity, fuel, water and other municipal services;

  • For owners: mortgage payments (principal and interest), property taxes, and any condominium fees, along with payments for electricity, fuel, water and other municipal services.

NOTE: Average shelter costs are in current dollar values.

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Average Shelter-Cost-to-Income Ratio (STIR)

Français

Average shelter-cost-to-income ratio (STIR) refers to the average proportion of total before-tax household income spent on shelter. The shelter-cost-to-income ratio is calculated for each household individually by dividing its total annual shelter cost by its total annual income. The average STIR is then computed by taking the average of the individual households' STIRs.

NOTE: The average STIR is not calculated by dividing the average shelter cost by the average household income.

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Core Housing Need Status

Français

A household is said to be in core housing need if its housing falls below at least one of the adequacy, affordability or suitability, standards and it would have to spend 30% or more of its total before-tax income to pay the median rent of alternative local housing that is acceptable (meets all three housing standards).

  • Adequate housing are reported by their residents as not requiring any major repairs.
  • Affordable dwellings costs less than 30% of total before-tax household income.
  • Suitable housing has enough bedrooms for the size and make-up of resident households, according to National Occupancy Standard (NOS) requirements.

A household is not in core housing need if its housing meets all of the adequacy, suitability and affordability standards
OR,
If its housing does not meet one or more of these standards, but it has sufficient income to obtain alternative local housing that is acceptable (meets all three standards).

NOTE: Regardless of their circumstances, non-family households led by maintainers 15 to 29 years of age attending school full-time are considered to be in a transitional stage of life and therefore not in core housing need.

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Count

Français

The household count refers to the number of households being examined.

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Geography

Français

The geographic coverage in HiCO includes Canada, the provinces, and territories, as well as Census Divisions, Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs).

NOTE: These data reflect boundaries in existence at the time of enumeration. They are not adjusted for any changes in the boundaries of CMAs, CAs or Regional Municipalities that occurred between 1991 and 2011. In addition, the CMA and CA totals for Canada include only those areas which were CMAs or CAs in the reference year and are not adjusted for changes which occurred in the number of communities classified as CMAs and CAs between 1991 and 2011.

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Census Agglomerations

A Census Agglomeration (CA) is an area consisting of one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core with a population of at least 10,000. As of 2011, there were 114 CAs across Canada. The All-CA total represents all the CAs in Canada for the respective year (for example, communities that were not CAs in 2011 are not included in the 2011 All-CA total). See Statistics Canada's National Household Survey Dictionary.

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Census Divisions

Census Divisions are a sub-provincial geography, the equivalent of counties, municipalités régionales de comté or regional districts (or their statistical equivalents). Census Divisions allow for more comprehensive regional analyses within the provinces and territories. See Statistics Canada's National Household Survey Dictionary.

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Census Metropolitan Areas

A Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) is an area consisting of one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core with a population of at least 50,000, and included 33 centres across Canada in 2011. Prior to 2006, the threshold to be a CMA was an urban core with a population of at least 100,000. The All-CMA total represents all the CMAs in Canada for the respective year (for example, communities that were not CMAs in 2011 are not included in the 2011 All-CMA total). See Statistics Canada's National Household Survey Dictionary.

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Complete geographic listing of communities available in HiCO

HiCO contains data for 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006 for those communities, in those years marked with a checkmark (✓). For 2011, data are available for communities where the Global Non-response Rate is less than 50%. If a cell in the table has no checkmark (✓), HiCO contains no data for that community, for that year.

Search by province or territory:
Canada
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia
New Brunswick
Quebec
Ontario
Manitoba
Saskatchewan
Alberta
British Columbia
Yukon Territory
Northwest Territories
Nunavut

 

Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

CANADA

✓(26.1%)

Canada - Total Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs)

✓(23.9%)

Canada - Total Census Agglomerations (CAs)

✓(26.4%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

✓(31.4%)

Census Divisions

Division No. 1

 

 

 

✓(31.1%)

Division No. 2

 

 

 

✓(30.2%)

Division No. 3

 

 

 

✓(27.3%)

Division No. 4

 

 

 

✓(28.8%)

Division No. 5

 

 

 

✓(32.4%)

Division No. 6

 

 

 

✓(28.0%)

Division No. 7

 

 

 

✓(34.9%)

Division No. 8

 

 

 

✓(35.0%)

Division No. 9

 

 

 

✓(40.3%)

Division No. 10

 

 

 

✓(30.8%)

Division No. 11

 

 

 

✓(11.5%)

Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

St. John's - CMA

✓(27.5%)

Bay Roberts - CA

 

 

 

✓(34.4%)

Corner Brook - CA

✓(31.3%)

Gander - CA

 

 

Grand Falls - Windsor - CA

✓(24.2%)

Labrador City - CA

 

 

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

✓(33.4%)

Census Divisions

Kings

 

 

 

✓(42.9%)

Prince

 

 

 

✓(38.0%)

Queens

 

 

 

✓(28.7%)

Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Charlottetown - CA

✓(27.7%)

Summerside - CA

✓(33.3%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

NOVA SCOTIA

✓(28.2%)

Census Divisions

Annapolis

 

 

 

✓(37.8%)

Antigonish

 

 

 

✓(25.1%)

Cape Breton

✓(27.0%)

Colchester

 

 

 

✓(30.6%)

Cumberland

 

 

 

✓(39.8%)

Digby

 

 

 

✓(31.8%)

Guysborough

 

 

 

✓(31.7%)

Halifax

✓(24.9%)

Hants

 

 

 

✓(29.2%)

Inverness

 

 

 

✓(33.8%)

Kings

 

 

 

✓(26.9%)

Lunenburg

 

 

 

✓(25.0%)

Pictou

 

 

 

✓(31.0%)

Queens

 

 

 

✓(38.0%)

Richmond

 

 

 

✓(44.2%)

Shelburne

 

 

 

✓(45.1%)

Victoria

 

 

 

✓(30.6%)

Yarmouth

 

 

 

✓(37.6%)

Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Halifax - CMA

✓(24.9%)

Cape Breton - CA

✓(27.0%)

Kentville - CA

✓(24.6%)

New Glasgow - CA

✓(28.6%)

Truro - CA

✓(29.0%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

NEW BRUNSWICK

✓(28.6%)

Census Divisions

Albert

 

 

 

✓(24.0%)

Carleton

 

 

 

✓(27.1%)

Charlotte

 

 

 

✓(32.9%)

Gloucester

 

 

 

✓(30.9%)

Kent

 

 

 

✓(30.4%)

Kings

 

 

 

✓(25.3%)

Madawaska

 

 

 

✓(28.2%)

Northumberland

 

 

 

✓(33.8%)

Queens

 

 

 

✓(45.6%)

Restigouche

 

 

 

✓(30.1%)

Saint John

 

 

 

✓(31.9%)

Sunbury

 

 

 

✓(24.6%)

Victoria

 

 

 

✓(36.3%)

Westmorland

 

 

 

✓(25.1%)

York

 

 

 

✓(26.3%)

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Moncton - CMA

✓(23.4%)

Saint John - CMA

✓(29.2%)

Bathurst - CA

✓(22.7%)

Campbellton - CA (Total)

✓(26.1%)

Campbellton - CA (New Brunswick Part)

✓(26.3%)

Edmundston - CA

✓(25.4%)

Fredericton - CA

✓(24.3%)

Miramichi - CA

 

 

 

✓(31.9%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

QUEBEC

✓(22.4%)

Census Divisions

Abitibi

 

 

 

✓(33.6%)

Abitibi - Ouest

 

 

 

✓(33.1%)

Acton

 

 

 

✓(24.3%)

Antoine - Labelle

 

 

 

✓(34.9%)

Argenteuil

 

 

 

✓(29.8%)

Arthabaska

 

 

 

✓(22.4%)

Avignon

 

 

 

✓(27.2%)

Beauce - Sartigan

 

 

 

✓(25.8%)

Beauharnois - Salaberry

 

 

 

✓(33.7%)

Bécancour

 

 

 

✓(24.4%)

Bellechasse

 

 

 

✓(28.0%)

Bonaventure

 

 

 

✓(35.7%)

Brome - Missisquoi

 

 

 

✓(24.5%)

Charlevoix

 

 

 

✓(25.1%)

Charlevoix - Est

 

 

 

✓(21.6%)

Coaticook

 

 

 

✓(18.3%)

D'Autray

 

 

 

✓(32.4%)

Deux - Montagnes

 

 

 

✓(12.4%)

Drummond

 

 

 

✓(22.0%)

Francheville

 

 

 

✓(19.5%)

Gatineau

✓(23.0%)

Joliette

 

 

 

✓(24.7%)

Kamouraska

 

 

 

✓(32.4%)

L'Assomption

 

 

 

✓(21.9%)

L'Érable

 

 

 

✓(25.4%)

L'Île - d'Orléans

 

 

 

✓(43.8%)

L'Islet

 

 

 

✓(25.3%)

La Côte - de - Beaupré

 

 

 

✓(29.1%)

La Côte - de - Gaspé

 

 

 

✓(24.6%)

La Haute - Côte - Nord

 

 

 

✓(25.6%)

La Haute - Gaspésie

 

 

 

✓(21.8%)

La Haute - Yamaska

 

 

 

✓(22.6%)

La Jacques - Cartier

 

 

 

✓(33.1%)

La Matapédia

 

 

 

✓(38.1%)

La Mitis

 

 

 

✓(43.5%)

La Nouvelle - Beauce

 

 

 

✓(24.5%)

La Rivière - du - Nord

 

 

 

✓(18.1%)

La Tuque

 

 

 

✓(25.6%)

La Vallée - de - l'Or

 

 

 

✓(32.7%)

La Vallée - de - la - Gatineau

 

 

 

✓(42.3%)

La Vallée - du - Richelieu

 

 

 

✓(19.5%)

Lac - Saint - Jean - Est

 

 

 

✓(22.8%)

Lajemmerais

 

 

 

✓(22.2%)

Laval

 

 

 

✓(17.8%)

Le Domaine - du - Roy

 

 

 

✓(29.9%)

Le Granit

 

 

 

✓(25.4%)

Le Haut - Richelieu

 

 

 

✓(24.6%)

Le Haut - Saint - François

 

 

 

✓(21.2%)

Le Haut - Saint - Laurent

 

 

 

✓(41.5%)

Le Rocher - Percé

 

 

 

✓(28.3%)

Le Saguenay - et - son - Fjord

 

 

 

✓(21.0%)

Le Val - Saint - François

 

 

 

✓(21.6%)

Les Appalaches

 

 

 

✓(26.1%)

Les Basques

 

 

 

✓(27.6%)

Les Collines - de - l'Outaouais

 

 

 

✓(30.4%)

Les Etchemins

 

 

 

✓(22.3%)

Les Îles - de - la - Madeleine

 

 

 

✓(41.0%)

Les Jardins - de - Napierville

 

 

 

✓(35.0%)

Les Laurentides

 

 

 

✓(38.7%)

Les Maskoutains

 

 

 

✓(21.2%)

Les Moulins

 

 

 

✓(14.6%)

Les Pays - d'en - Haut

 

 

 

✓(30.1%)

Les Sources

 

 

 

✓(25.5%)

Lévis

 

 

 

✓(16.3%)

Longueuil

 

 

 

✓(20.8%)

Lotbinière

 

 

 

✓(26.1%)

Manicouagan

 

 

 

✓(19.8%)

Maria - Chapdelaine

 

 

 

✓(16.8%)

Maskinongé

 

 

 

✓(22.6%)

Matane

 

 

 

✓(23.6%)

Matawinie

 

 

 

✓(31.4%)

Mékinac

 

 

 

✓(32.7%)

Memphrémagog

 

 

 

✓(26.0%)

Minganie -- Le Golfe - du - Saint - Laurent

 

 

 

✓(49.6%)

Mirabel

 

 

 

✓(12.5%)

Montcalm

 

 

 

✓(30.7%)

Montmagny

 

 

 

✓(22.2%)

Montréal

✓(20.7%)

Nicolet - Yamaska

 

 

 

✓(25.4%)

Nord - du - Québec

 

 

 

✓(22.9%)

Papineau

 

 

 

✓(31.3%)

Pierre - De Saurel

 

 

 

✓(21.0%)

Pontiac

 

 

 

✓(47.4%)

Portneuf

 

 

 

✓(34.0%)

Québec

✓(21.5%)

Rimouski - Neigette

 

 

 

✓(24.3%)

Rivière - du - Loup

 

 

 

✓(28.4%)

Robert - Cliche

 

 

 

✓(30.2%)

Roussillon

 

 

 

✓(24.5%)

Rouville

 

 

 

✓(18.6%)

Rouyn - Noranda

 

 

 

✓(30.3%)

Sept - Rivières -- Caniapiscau

 

 

 

✓(29.4%)

Shawinigan

 

 

 

✓(26.0%)

Sherbrooke

 

 

 

✓(16.6%)

Témiscamingue

 

 

 

✓(38.1%)

Témiscouata

 

 

 

✓(24.8%)

Thérèse - De Blainville

 

 

 

✓(14.8%)

Vaudreuil - Soulanges

 

 

 

✓(19.0%)

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Gatineau (Quebec Part: Ottawa - Gatineau - CMA)

✓(24.2%)

Montréal - CMA

✓(19.7%)

Québec - CMA

✓(21.4%)

Saguenay - CMA

✓(20.4%)

Sherbrooke - CMA

✓(17.3%)

Trois-Rivières - CMA

✓(19.3%)

Alma - CA

✓(18.9%)

Amos - CA

 

 

✓(31.5%)

Baie-Comeau - CA

✓(20.0%)

Campbellton - CA (Quebec Part)

✓(25.6%)

Cowansville - CA

✓(21.2%)

Dolbeau - Mistassini - CA

✓(15.3%)

Drummondville - CA

✓(21.1%)

Granby - CA

✓(21.7%)

Hawkesbury - CA (Quebec Part)

(55.0%)

Joliette - CA

✓(24.1%)

Lachute - CA

✓(28.3%)

La Tuque - CA

 

Magog - CA

 

 

Matane - CA

✓(22.2%)

Pembroke - CA (Quebec Part)

 

 

Rimouski - CA

✓(23.7%)

Rivière - du - Loup - CA

✓(28.7%)

Rouyn - Noranda - CA

✓(29.9%)

Saint - Georges - CA

✓(23.2%)

Saint - Hyacinthe - CA

✓(20.9%)

Saint - Jean - sur - Richelieu - CA

✓(23.2%)

Saint - Jérôme - CA

 

 

 

 

Salaberry - de - Valleyfield - CA

✓(32.8%)

Sept - Îles - CA

✓(29.1%)

Shawinigan - CA

✓(25.2%)

Sorel - Tracy - CA

✓(21.6%)

Thetford Mines - CA

✓(20.6%)

Val - d'Or - CA

✓(30.3%)

Victoriaville - CA

✓(20.4%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

ONTARIO

✓(27.1%)

Census Divisions

Algoma

 

 

 

✓(32.3%)

Brant

 

 

 

✓(28.0%)

Bruce

 

 

 

✓(33.7%)

Chatham - Kent

 

 

 

✓(22.7%)

Cochrane

 

 

 

✓(30.3%)

Dufferin

 

 

 

✓(37.4%)

Durham

✓(28.4%)

Elgin

 

 

 

✓(26.1%)

Essex

 

 

 

✓(27.8%)

Frontenac

 

 

 

✓(29.2%)

Greater Sudbury

✓(27.9%)

Grey

 

 

 

✓(36.8%)

Haldimand - Norfolk

✓(33.5%)

Haliburton

 

 

 

✓(47.9%)

Halton

✓(22.3%)

Hamilton

✓(29.0%)

Hastings

 

 

 

✓(32.4%)

Huron

 

 

 

✓(31.6%)

Kawartha Lakes

 

 

 

✓(40.8%)

Kenora

 

 

 

✓(34.3%)

Lambton

 

 

 

✓(21.5%)

Lanark

 

 

 

✓(39.1%)

Leeds and Grenville

 

 

 

✓(37.8%)

Lennox and Addington

 

 

 

✓(33.0%)

Manitoulin

 

 

 

✓(37.9%)

Middlesex

 

 

 

✓(23.9%)

Muskoka

 

 

 

✓(41.0%)

Niagara

✓(28.6%)

Nipissing

 

 

 

✓(30.7%)

Northumberland

 

 

 

✓(36.3%)

Ottawa

✓(21.8%)

Oxford

 

 

 

✓(27.9%)

Parry Sound

 

 

 

✓(40.6%)

Peel

✓(25.4%)

Perth

 

 

 

✓(27.4%)

Peterborough

 

 

 

✓(38.1%)

Prescott and Russell

 

 

 

✓(24.5%)

Prince Edward

 

 

 

✓(37.3%)

Rainy River

 

 

 

✓(32.9%)

Renfrew

 

 

 

✓(33.8%)

Simcoe

 

 

 

✓(30.7%)

Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry

 

 

 

✓(32.8%)

Sudbury

 

 

 

✓(36.6%)

Thunder Bay

 

 

 

✓(28.2%)

Timiskaming

 

 

 

✓(39.2%)

Toronto

✓(26.5%)

Waterloo

✓(23.7%)

Wellington

 

 

 

✓(29.2%)

York

✓(22.5%)

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Barrie - CMA

✓(26.2%)

Brantford - CMA

✓(28.0%)

Greater Sudbury - CMA

✓(27.9%)

Guelph - CMA

✓(25.4%)

Hamilton - CMA

✓(26.7%)

Kingston - CMA

✓(28.4%)

Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo - CMA

✓(23.4%)

London - CMA

✓(23.7%)

Oshawa - CMA

✓(28.3%)

Ottawa - Gatineau - CMA (Total)

✓(22.3%)

Ottawa (Ontario Part: Ottawa - Gatineau - CMA)

✓(21.7%)

Peterborough - CMA

✓(36.3%)

St. Catharines - Niagara - CMA

✓(29.2%)

Thunder Bay - CMA

✓(25.6%)

Toronto - CMA

✓(25.4%)

Windsor - CMA

✓(28.1%)

Belleville - CA

✓(28.4%)

Brockville - CA

✓(32.9%)

Centre Wellington - CA

 

 

 

✓(33.8%)

Chatham-Kent - CA

✓(22.7%)

Cobourg - CA

✓(33.7%)

Collingwood - CA

✓(30.5%)

Cornwall - CA

✓(29.5%)

Elliot Lake - CA

✓(35.8%)

Hawkesbury - CA (Total)

✓(29.7%)

Hawkesbury - CA (Ontario Part)

✓(29.2%)

Ingersoll - CA

 

 

 

✓(24.4%)

Kawartha Lakes - CA

✓(40.8%)

Kenora - CA

✓(32.3%)

Kirkland Lake - CA

 

 

 

 

Leamington - CA

✓(25.7%)

Midland - CA

✓(34.3%)

Norfolk - CA

✓(33.4%)

North Bay - CA

✓(27.6%)

Orillia - CA

✓(30.0%)

Owen Sound - CA

✓(26.7%)

Pembroke - CA (Total)

✓(28.7%)

Pembroke - CA (Ontario Part)

 

Petawawa - CA

 

 

✓(23.1%)

Port Hope - CA

✓(27.7%)

Sarnia - CA

✓(19.4%)

Sault Ste. Marie - CA

✓(28.7%)

Smiths Falls - CA

 

 

 

 

Stratford - CA

✓(22.5%)

Strathroy - CA

 

 

 

 

Temiskaming Shores - CA

✓(31.8%)

Tillsonburg - CA

✓(30.5%)

Timmins - CA

✓(30.8%)

Wallaceburg - CA

 

 

 

 

Woodstock - CA

✓(21.7%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

MANITOBA

✓(26.2%)

Census Divisions

Division No. 1

 

 

 

✓(39.9%)

Division No. 2

 

 

 

✓(33.4%)

Division No. 3

 

 

 

✓(37.4%)

Division No. 4

 

 

 

✓(49.5%)

Division No. 5

 

 

 

✓(41.9%)

Division No. 6

 

 

 

✓(28.6%)

Division No. 7

 

 

 

✓(25.4%)

Division No. 8

 

 

 

✓(31.2%)

Division No. 9

 

 

 

✓(33.7%)

Division No. 10

 

 

 

✓(28.6%)

Division No. 11

 

 

 

✓(21.2%)

Division No. 12

 

 

 

✓(31.2%)

Division No. 13

 

 

 

✓(29.3%)

Division No. 14

 

 

 

✓(32.8%)

Division No. 15

 

 

 

✓(41.0%)

Division No. 16

 

 

 

✓(40.5%)

Division No. 17

 

 

 

✓(42.1%)

Division No. 18

 

 

 

✓(40.1%)

Division No. 19

 

 

 

✓(19.5%)

Division No. 20

 

 

 

✓(42.8%)

Division No. 21

 

 

 

✓(31.2%)

Division No. 22

 

 

 

✓(22.2%)

Division No. 23

 

 

 

✓(30.1%)

Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Winnipeg - CMA

✓(21.9%)

Brandon - CA

✓(24.2%)

Portage la Prairie - CA

✓(29.1%)

Selkirk - CA

 

 

 

 

Steinbach - CA

 

 

 

 

✓(26.3%)

Thompson - CA

✓(26.2%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

SASKATCHEWAN

✓(29.3%)

Census Divisions

Division No. 1

 

 

 

✓(30.5%)

Division No. 2

 

 

 

✓(35.3%)

Division No. 3

 

 

 

✓(42.3%)

Division No. 4

 

 

 

✓(42.5%)

Division No. 5

 

 

 

✓(35.8%)

Division No. 6

 

 

 

✓(25.2%)

Division No. 7

 

 

 

✓(31.7%)

Division No. 8

 

 

 

✓(29.0%)

Division No. 9

 

 

 

✓(31.3%)

Division No. 10

 

 

 

✓(35.4%)

Division No. 11

 

 

 

✓(24.8%)

Division No. 12

 

 

 

✓(38.8%)

Division No. 13

 

 

 

✓(37.5%)

Division No. 14

 

 

 

✓(34.8%)

Division No. 15

 

 

 

✓(34.8%)

Division No. 16

 

 

 

✓(32.8%)

Division No. 17

 

 

 

✓(34.5%)

Division No. 18

 

 

 

✓(28.1%)

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Regina - CMA

✓(23.5%)

Saskatoon - CMA

✓(24.4%)

Estevan - CA

✓(22.7%)

Lloydminster - CA (Saskatchewan Part)

✓(37.8%)

Moose Jaw - CA

✓(25.7%)

North Battleford - CA

✓(32.2%)

Prince Albert - CA

✓(31.7%)

Swift Current - CA

✓(22.8%)

Weyburn - CA

 

 

 

 

Yorkton - CA

✓(25.1%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

ALBERTA

✓(27.4%)

Census Divisions

Division No. 1

 

 

 

✓(29.7%)

Division No. 2

 

 

 

✓(33.5%)

Division No. 3

 

 

 

✓(36.9%)

Division No. 4

 

 

 

✓(42.9%)

Division No. 5

 

 

 

✓(38.1%)

Division No. 6

 

 

 

✓(24.2%)

Division No. 7

 

 

 

✓(43.1%)

Division No. 8

 

 

 

✓(31.2%)

Division No. 9

 

 

 

✓(42.0%)

Division No. 10

 

 

 

✓(33.3%)

Division No. 11

 

 

 

✓(25.7%)

Division No. 12

 

 

 

✓(30.7%)

Division No. 13

 

 

 

✓(39.1%)

Division No. 14

 

 

 

✓(31.3%)

Division No. 15

 

 

 

✓(34.6%)

Division No. 16

✓(30.5%)

Division No. 17

 

 

 

✓(32.4%)

Division No. 18

 

 

 

✓(34.9%)

Division No. 19

 

 

 

✓(29.7%)

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Calgary - CMA

✓(23.6%)

Edmonton - CMA

✓(25.4%)

Brooks - CA

 

 

✓(45.1%)

Camrose - CA

✓(27.4%)

Canmore - CA

 

 

 

✓(29.9%)

Cold Lake - CA

✓(23.7%)

Grande Prairie - CA

✓(26.3%)

High River - CA

 

 

 

 

✓(24.8%)

Lacombe - CA

 

 

 

 

✓(25.0%)

Lethbridge - CA

✓(30.9%)

Lloydminster - CA

✓(31.1%)

Lloydminster - CA (Alberta Part)

✓(26.4%)

Medicine Hat - CA

✓(28.5%)

Okotoks - CA

 

 

 

✓(22.9%)

Red Deer - CA

✓(27.6%)

Strathmore - CA

 

 

 

 

✓(27.5%)

Sylvan Lake - CA

 

 

 

 

✓(30.0%)

Wetaskiwin - CA

✓(29.8%)

Wood Buffalo - CA

✓(30.5%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

BRITISH COLUMBIA

✓(26.1%)

Census Divisions

Alberni-Clayoquot

✓(28.7%)

Bulkley-Nechako

✓(30.4%)

Capital

✓(23.1%)

Cariboo

✓(28.1%)

Central Coast

✓(35.5%)

Central Fraser Valley

 

 

 

 

Central Kootenay

✓(37.3%)

Central Okanagan

✓(27.8%)

Columbia - Shuswap

✓(35.7%)

Comox Valley

 

 

 

 

✓(22.0%)

Comox - Strathcona

 

Cowichan Valley

✓(24.9%)

Dewdney - Alouette

 

 

 

 

East Kootenay

✓(35.5%)

Fraser - Fort George

✓(25.0%)

Fraser Valley

✓(28.9%)

Greater Vancouver

✓(24.4%)

Kitimat - Stikine

✓(26.5%)

Kootenay Boundary

✓(38.0%)

Mount Waddington

✓(33.7%)

Nanaimo

✓(22.2%)

North Okanagan

✓(28.8%)

Northern Rockies

✓(36.7%)

Okanagan - Similkameen

✓(35.6%)

Peace River

✓(26.3%)

Powell River

✓(27.9%)

Skeena - Queen Charlotte

✓(34.7%)

Squamish - Lillooet

✓(35.1%)

Stikine

✓(46.3%)

Strathcona

 

 

 

 

✓(23.7%)

Sunshine Coast

✓(36.1%)

Thompson - Nicola

✓(30.4%)

Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Census Agglomerations (CAs)

Abbotsford - Mission - CMA

✓(31.5%)

Kelowna - CMA

✓(27.8%)

Vancouver - CMA

✓(24.4%)

Victoria - CMA

✓(22.7%)

Campbell River - CA

✓(21.8%)

Chilliwack - CA

✓(22.7%)

Courtenay - CA

✓(21.6%)

Cranbrook - CA

✓(31.1%)

Dawson Creek - CA

✓(25.9%)

Duncan - CA

✓(25.0%)

Fort St. John - CA

✓(18.8%)

Kamloops - CA

✓(27.8%)

Kitimat - CA

 

Nanaimo - CA

✓(20.7%)

Parksville - CA

 

 

✓(22.3%)

Penticton - CA

✓(30.3%)

Port Alberni - CA

✓(26.6%)

Powell River - CA

✓(26.8%)

Prince George - CA

✓(23.5%)

Prince Rupert - CA

✓(28.5%)

Quesnel - CA

✓(24.1%)

Salmon Arm - CA

 

 

 

✓(22.6%)

Squamish - CA

 

 

✓(28.9%)

Terrace - CA

✓(22.0%)

Vernon - CA

✓(27.0%)

Williams Lake - CA

✓(23.1%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

YUKON

✓(29.9%)

Yukon Census Division

 

 

 

✓(29.9%)

Whitehorse - CA

✓(27.7%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

✓(16.1%)

Census Divisions

Fort Smith

 

 

 

 

Inuvik

 

 

 

 

Region 1

 

 

 

 

✓(19.0%)

Region 2

 

 

 

 

✓(16.8%)

Region 3

 

 

 

 

✓(23.9%)

Region 4

 

 

 

 

✓(13.4%)

Region 5

 

 

 

 

✓(15.8%)

Region 6

 

 

 

 

✓(14.7%)

Census Agglomeration (CA)

Yellowknife - CA

✓(14.7%)

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Years Available

1991
Census

1996
Census

2001
Census

2006
Census

2011 NHS
( GNR)

NUNAVUT

 

 

✓(25.2%)

Census Divisions

Baffin

 

 

 

✓(27.2%)

Keewatin

 

 

 

✓(24.3%)

Kitikmeot

 

 

 

✓(20.7%)

NOTE: that, in 1999, Nunavut was established as a territory distinct from the Northwest Territories (N.W.T.). As a result, beginning with the 2001 Census, data for Nunavut are presented exclusive of N.W.T.

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Global Non-response Rates

Français

Global Non-response Rates (GNRs) refer to the proportion of the sampled households in a community that did not return a completed survey (these households either returned a partially incomplete questionnaire, or never returned one). Statistics Canada has prepared the GNR for National Household Survey data as an indication of quality, with higher GNRs indicating poorer-quality data. Like Statistics Canada, CMHC has opted not to publish data on communities with GNRs of 50% or more. See Statistics Canada's National Household Survey User Guide for more information.

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Household Type

Français

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. For more information, please consult Statistics Canada's National Household Survey Dictionary.

Family household

Refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present. Prior to the 2001 Census, the sons or daughters had to have never been married to be considered children in the household. Most of these couple and lone-parent families live in one-family households. However, a few reside in multiple-family households.

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Multiple-family household

A multiple-family household is made up of two or more families (with or without additional non-family persons) occupying the same private dwelling.

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Non-family household

A non-family household consists either of one person living alone in a private dwelling or of two or more people who share a private dwelling but who do not constitute a family.

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Housing Standards

Français

Indicates whether households live in accommodation that meets or falls short of the adequacy, affordability and suitability housing standards.

Acceptable housing

Acceptable housing refers to housing that is adequate in condition, suitable in size, and affordable.

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Housing below standards

Housing below standards refers to housing that falls short of at least one of the adequacy, affordability and suitability housing standards.

NOTE: The total number of households below housing standards will not be the sum of the number below the individual standards since some households are below two or more housing standards. For example, a household living below both the affordability and adequacy standards would be counted as being under both standards, resulting in double counting when the two standards are added together.

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Adequate housing

Adequate housing does not require any major repairs, according to residents. Major repairs include those to defective plumbing or electrical wiring, or structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings.

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Affordable housing

Affordable housing costs less than 30% of before-tax household income. Shelter costs include the following:

  • For renters: rent and any payments for electricity, fuel, water and other municipal services;

  • For owners: mortgage payments (principal and interest), property taxes, and any condominium fees, along with payments for electricity, fuel, water and other municipal services.

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Suitable housing

Suitable housing has enough bedrooms for the size and make-up of resident households, according to National Occupancy Standard (NOS) requirements. Enough bedrooms based on NOS requirements means one bedroom for:

  • each cohabiting adult couple;
  • each lone parent;
  • unattached household member 18 years of age and over;
  • same-sex pair of children under age 18;
  • and additional boy or girl in the family, unless there are two opposite sex children under 5 years of age, in which case they are expected to share a bedroom.

A household of one individual can occupy a bachelor unit (i.e. a unit with no bedroom).

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Tenure

Français

Refers to whether some member of the household owns or rents the dwelling.

Owned

A dwelling is classified as "owned" even if it is not fully paid for, that is, even if it has a mortgage or some other claim on it. The dwelling may be situated on rented or leased land or be part of a condominium (whether registered or unregistered).

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Rented

A dwelling is classified as "rented" even if it is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.

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Year

Français

The year refers to the survey from which the data are derived and include:

  • the 1991 Census,
  • the 1996 Census,
  • the 2001 Census,
  • the 2006 Census, and
  • the 2011 National Housheold Survey (NHS)

Data are not available for every year. In particular, consult the Aboriginal Household Status, Geography and Global Non-response Rates definitions for additional details of where data may not be available.

Statistics Canada recommends caution when comparing data from the NHS to the Census. While the 2011 data fairly represent the characteristics of those that responded to the survey, there is no way to know the degree to which a change in housing conditions reflects an actual change in housing conditions and not a change in the nature of respondents to the NHS, compared to the Census.

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Canada